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Sustainable spring watershed management system in the Indo- Himalayan Region: Village community challenges and its planning approaches

IWRA 2021 Online Conference One Water, One Health
Theme 2: How can managing water in agriculture contribute to food security and public health?
Author(s): Mr Kunal Sharma, Dr Nirban Laskar

Presented by:

Mr Kunal Sharma - Consultant Civil NABCONS, Guwahati, Assam, India

Co- Author by:

Dr Nirban Laskar - Assistant Professor, Mizoram University, Mizoram, India



Keyword(s): Spring shed Management, Rainwater Harvesting, Discharge, Community Involvement
Oral:

Abstract

a) Purpose or objectives and status of study or research hypothesis

  1. Ensuring Sustainable spring water supply system in Indo- Himalayan Region.
  2. To ensure water security in the villages of the Indo- Himalayan Region.
  3. To enhance the livelihood standard of village areas of Indo- Himalayan Region

b) Key issue(s) or problem(s) addressed

  1. The water source is located a little far from the settlement
  2. Discharge of spring is low during the lean period
  3. Spring is not easily accessible
  4. No government water supply scheme
  5. Low agricultural output and income opportunity

c) Methodology or approach used

  1. Implementation of Spring shed Development Project under Government initiative schemes.
  2. Proper and better water demand management and behavioral approaches.
  3. Collection of user fee for repairing and maintenance of spring recharge area, spring chamber, etc.
  4. Construction of Rooftop Rainwater harvesting structure.
  5. Implementation of rainwater harvesting structures/activities which encourage the runoff to settle and percolate into the aquifers is required.
  6. Construction of footpath and installation of water pump to reach out the spring which is not easily accessible.
  7. To store the water and discharge the surplus water in nearest paddy field for agricultural use or any other domestic needs.

d) Results and conclusions derived from the project
Capturing potential spring water with sufficient discharge will help the village people to be a stress-free water zone; sufficient water for agricultural activities will support the livelihood of the village people of Indo- Himalayan Region and prevails a sense of water security for all-purpose needs. The villagers can recognize the fundamental essence of the existence of the spring and the need to conserve and protect the spring recharging field. In particular public buildings including schools, Community Hall, Anganwadi Center, health care centre etc., the structure for harvesting of the rooftop rainwater can be suggested. And systems for w ater collection such as the
Jalkunds, pools excavated, irrigation dams and the canal must be built and use during the rainy season for water storage so to use during the lean time. In the village, it is needed to implement government water supply schemes. Such initiative will reduce the time needed to collect the water and hence provide additional time and better income opportunity for poultry farming, animal husbandry and fishery activities.

e) Implications of the project relevant to selected conference theme, theory and/or practice
The project is well established as according to the selected conference theme of managing water in agriculture contributes to food security. The main focus zone for the research is the interior villages of the North-Eastern states of India which falls under the Indo-Himalayan Region. A strong need to be developed by improving the skills of the villagers of North-East India especially in matters related to spring-shed water conservation, use and
recycling of water resources.

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