MICROBIOLOGICAL WATER QUALITY MONITORING THAT FUELS HOSPITALS SUPPLY FROM MARANHÃO STATE MUNICIPALITIES ALTERNATIVE OR NOT.
Kamilla Karen Silva Bezerra; George de Jesus Gomes Campos; Adriano Jardel da Cruz Ericeira; Luciene Silva Sousa ; José Ribamar de Castro Junior ; Emmeline de Sá Rocha; Margareth Santos Costa Penha; Patricia de Maria Silva Figueiredo.
It has as purpose in this study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of water supplied to public hospitals in the state of the state of Maranhão and its capital, considering the serious problem related to lack of quality water for a significant part of state health facilities The Brazil coexists with developing countries diseases such as the outbreak of diarrhea, hepatitis and cholera, which are concentrated in the poorest regions of the country, north and northeast and in peripheral areas of the cities, where not enough treated water and consumed is stored and distributed in an improvised way, as a result, there is a lack of quality control of water that supplies some municipalities, leaving the population exposed to many diseases originating from the consumption of this water. During the third quarter of 2015 were analyzed water samples at hospitals in the whole and in the state capital, totaling 22 health units using the methodology suggested by the book "Standard Methods For Examination Of Water And Wastewater", recommended by OMS and parameters applied for microbiological control standard potability of ordinance Nº 2914 of 12 December 2011 for counting colony forming units and presence of total coliforms and Escherichia coli. Of the thirteen units in the capital it was observed over the analysis that there was a reduction from three to zero the amount of contaminas samples with E. coli and reduction in average from 150 to 30 in colony forming units (CFU) coming to the end of the experiment all health units within the microbiological potability standard. From 9 units located in the state only two were contaminated by coliform, one of E.coli, there was also a reduction in the number of colony forming units in the beginning were above 200 and finished with values below 100. However, in the second month there were no samples outside the potability standard while the third month a sample that had not positivado in previous months obtained positive for E. coli indicating a possible contamination by foreign agent and reinforcing the need for constant monitoring and periodic water quality. In the current climate of Brazil for by the government due importance to ensuring the water quality in hospitals under its responsibility. Furthermore it is important to point out that enforcement agencies have the precarious structures, so no oversight effectively in all these places. Thus, the article presents the society and the government the reality found in our state
Keywords: hospital water; microbiological analysis; microbiological control.