World Water Congress 2015 Edinburgh Scotland
6. Non-conventional sources of water
Jacques Rey (LIV Consulting)
Florence Ardorino (ECOWAS)
Hervé Lévite (IPTRID)
indicateur, GIRE, approche managériale
AbstractA gradual return of investors is observed in the water sector (particularly agricultural water). As a result of
global policy processes undertaken in the 90’s (e.g. CSD process), the investments are often conditioned by the
existence of operational IWRM frameworks. West Africa is well advanced on IWRM planning and regional
coordination, in particular through the work of the Economic Commission of the West African States (ECOWAS).
With a view to improve the operationality of the IWRM concept, the ECOWAS water department (UCRE) is
developing a system analysis approach to IWRM.
The approach places a central focus on the interface
between the “water resources management” and the “water uses management” and the coordination problems
created by the radically different viewpoints carried by the managers operating on both sides of this interface. It
emphasizes that the instrumentation of this interface is the key to realistically pursuing the objectives stated in the
IWRM definition: social equity, economic efficiency and environmental sustainability. The approach also clearly
delineates what is concerning the “performance” of the water systems (in other words whether the above objectives
are obtained or not) from the “characteristics of the management systems” embedded in these water systems.
Policies, institutions and management instruments are presented as building blocks of such management systems able
to confer or not desirable “IWRM characteristics”. Based on this approach, work on “IWRM audits” for water
management systems can be initiated which will hopefully decrease the perception of water management risks of
potential investors. In parallel, cross analysis of performance and management characteristics of various water
management systems can pave the way for benchmarking and progress.
The paper proposes a brief
description of this operational IWRM approach and draws illustrations from the preliminary work undertaken by
ECOWAS, more specifically in Burkina-Faso.