World Water Congress 2015 Edinburgh Scotland
Special session 9: Water Framework Directive
Maite M. Aldaya Daniel Chico
Lucia De Stefano
M. Ramón Llamas
Pedro Martínez Santos
Maite M. Aldaya
Daniel Chico, Lucia De Stefano, Alberto Garrido, M. Ramón Llamas,
Elena Lopez-Gunn, Pedro Martínez Santos, Barbara Willaarts
Water Observatory – Botín Foundation
Complutense University of Madrid
Water footprint into policy
Water footprint of Spain
Water footprint in the Spanish basin plans
Water economic productivity
The role of virtual water trade
Guadalquivir river basin
The textile sector
The Spanish experience shows:
The worlds water problems are mainly due to bad governance, not to physical water scarcity.
The use of the IWRM, with its pros and cons, may be useful to foster good decision making.
Valuable tools for a more effective IWRM include water accounting, virtual water (food) trade, water footprint, evaluation of the natural and social capital, ethical issues and transparency.
Water reallocation is needed for releasing current pressure on the environment and for new uses.
Need to find formulas that make reallocation acceptable for all the parties.
Transparency and accountability in decisions and public spending