FUJIKURA Ryo(1) and NAKAYAMA Mikiyasu(2)
(1)Faculty of Humanity and Environment. Hosei University. 2-17-1 Fujimi, Chiyodaku, Tokyo, 102-8160 Japan. Tel: +81-3-3264-4951 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
(2) United Graduate School of Agricultural Science. Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology. Tokyo, Japan
As concerns over negative environmental impact of large dam increases, donors extending loans to the dams have been demanded to take environment related issues more stringently into consideration (for example, WCD 2000). As a response, donors have established environmental policy and/or guidelines, and have paid more attention on the environmental impact when they are involved into dam construction projects. On the other hand, relatively less attention seemed to be paid to environmental monitoring which is to be undertaken after the construction is completed than to environmental impact assessment. Few studies have been carried out to examine the adequacy of the environmental monitoring after the completion of the dam construction and the role of the donors.
This study reviews post project evaluation of Kotapanjang dam construction projects in Sumatra Island in Indonesia, particularly on environmental monitoring and management activities. This dam was constructed for hydropower generation in mid 1990’s by the National Power Company (PLN). Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF), which later became Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JIBC) extended a concessional yen loan to the project. This study first evaluated environment monitoring activities on this dam primarily based on information from monitoring report of Riau University (Riau University 2001). Then it identifies issues to be solved, and examines role of the donors to improve the situation.