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WATER SECURITY PROBLEM IMPACTED BY CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN ACTIVITY IN NORTH CHINA

IWRA World Water Congress 2003 Madrid Spain
IWRA WWC2003 - default topic
Author(s): Xia JUN

Xia JUN Institute of Geographical Science & Natural Resources, Chinese Academy of Science, 100101,Beijing, China, & Wuhan University, 430072, China E-mail: xiaj@igsnrr.ac.cn



Keyword(s): water security, sustainability, and environmental change, North China
Article:

Abstract

The problems of water shortage and related eco-environmental issues in North China have become the most significant issue to impact sustainable development in this very important region that are political, cultural and economic center of China. This paper addresses these water international study and background of causing these problems from natural change and particular human activity are analyzed. Key points are addressed as four aspects: (a) the study of the water cycle process impacted by climate change and high intensity human activity, where climate change influence on continue drought in this region was addressed, and human activity was discussed; (b) water utilization related to new economic partner change, such as saving water model; (c) study on eco-hydrology, and interaction of water and ecology impacted by climate change and human activity; (d) reasonable water allocation that including Water Diversion from South to North and saving water issue in local areas. Several suggestions of both study on the water cycle, which is a very important base of water security in North China, and application study of water resources and eco-environmental rehabilitation are proposed. These key issues will benefit to both advantage of water science and sustainable developing...

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