Congress Resources: Papers, posters and presentations

< Return to abstract list

Using ICT for improving the Usumacinta’s river basin management

Congress: 2008
Author(s):
Jérôme Gandin is currently enrolled at Laval University, in Canada, in a programme of PhD in geografic sciences. Before going to Canada, he studied geography at Sorbonne University (Licence/BA) and then, at Montaigne University in Bordeaux(Master, MA). Jé

Keyword(s): ICT, Integrated river basin management, maya communities, capacity building, local development, marginalized territories, protected area, zapatistan conflict
Abstract  Introduction The research I carry out since September 2006 deals with the impact of the information and communication technologies on the natural resources management within Usumacinta river transboundary basin (Mexico-Guatemala-Belize). The awareness of the environmental management by the local communities through the ICT is a way for taking part in the programs led by a variety of actors and facing with their problems. Poverty, migrations, natural resources overexploited, deforestation, forests fires, analphabetism, diseases, repression and discrimination put at the light the difficult living conditions of the maya communities in Mexico, as well in Guatemala and in Belize. The use of the ICT can thus be a tool for these communities and also the NGO and the regional universities who assist them, in order to implement initiatives in the frame of a better management of the natural resources within the Usumacinta’s basin. Usumacinta’s river has various important ecological and economic functions. It offers a great potentiality for hydropower, as the largest river basin in Central America. Many dams are built on the river, despite the willness of the local populations and the impact on the ecosystem. Then, Usumacinta’s river basin is covered by a rich biodiversity and various ecosystem and protected areas, as the Maya reserve biosphere and the Montes Azules reserve biosphere. As a result, new opportunities are offered to each member of this civil society. It allows acquiring more power in the decision-making, strengthing the peace-keeping of this area and facing with international problems, as the global warming.  Objectives The main objectives are:  To identify the local actors and analyze the social network in the frame of the environmental protection  To analyze the link between the ICT and the environmental management  To understand how the use of ICT can bring a sustainable development to some marginalized communities.  Methodology The communication reports on a preliminary empirical investigation of maya communities living in the Usumacinta river basin. The analysis features three principal tasks: identify and characterize the way of management of the natural resources; describe the maya perception of the environment and the ICT; highlight the role played by the ICT in the sustainable development. From January 2008, three strategies will be employed in the acquisition and analysis of data for the research. First, a profile of the study region will be developed using published census data and information obtained from collaboration with local actors. Second, data for the core aspects of the analysis will be gotten via a survey with maya communities. A random sample of 6-8 communities is obtained. Third, detailed data will be provided through personal interviews with various local actors.  Results The data obtained on the field of study will be analyzed during the summer 2008 and will be presented at the World Water Congress in September.  Conclusion For the time being, I cannot provide you any results and conclusion as well.
© 2011 IWRA - International Water Resources Association office@iwra.org - http://www.iwra.org - Admin