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Institutional Reforms at Main Canal Level and its Water Management Implications- Case from Central Asia

Congress: 2008
Author(s):
Iskandar Abdullayev Jusipbek Kazbekov Kahramon Jumaboev Hugh Tural

Keyword(s): water management, irrigation, canal water management, water committees, water distribution, stakeholders
AbstractSince independence in 1991 in Uzbekistan, the collective farming system has gradually been broken up into numerous individual small and medium size farms. The existing water management arrangements proved unworkable in this new context, with individuals rapidly coming into conflict over distribution. Reforms in the water sector have lagged those in agriculture, further contributing to disruption in irrigation service to farmers. Therefore, in 2003, the Uzbek government adopted a basin approach to water management, with a major focus on improving water distribution through restructuring management along hydrographic boundaries. Before this, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and its partner the Scientific Information Center of Interstate Commission for Water Coordination (SIC ICWC) pilot-tested this approach for three years, in conjunction with strong water user participation in the South Ferghana canal in Ferghana Valley (94,000 ha). This huge main canal previously traversed 11 administrative districts, resulting in a highly fragmented and competitive management structure. A canal management committee was formed, bringing a voice for all key stakeholders, especially water users associations, and has resulted in a steady improvement in water distribution and farmer satisfaction. This paper presents the details of the the interventions made over three years and assesses their impact and effectiveness.
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