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Author(s): 5.Water Governance and Water Security
Congress: 2008
Dr H.K.Ramaraju has more than 17 years of experience in Environmental Management & Conservation viz.planning, design, implementation of rural & urban water supply & sewerage works in public health engineering. As a Environmental Engineer/ Water Qua

Keyword(s): Community involvement, Litho logy, Habitations
AbstractDevelopment and management of water supply systems forms the integral part of overall developmental strategy of the country. It is an irony that despite continuous investment on developmental works, the rural parts of India and some states faces shortage of water for drinking and other consumption needs. Ground water which meets drinking water to 90 percent of rural population get depleted year by year with unscientific management and large scale drawles. The situation in Karnataka is not different than rest of the country, and the state is classified as water stressed and its 43 taluks out of 175 are considered as critical for ground water. The ground water drawl has increased with increase in number of wells from 2.62 lakhs to 5.63 lakhs from 1971 to 1994 resulting to decline on water table by more than 7 meters between 1978 and 1993 and with more than 20 meters of decline in a few locations. Each year in the State around 50,000 to 60,000 bore wells are drilled including 8000 to 9000 bore wells for meeting drinking water. Such concentrated drilling of bore wells coupled with erratic distribution of rainfall has resulted to faster depletion and drying up of many wells indicating the urgent need of comprehensive approach to manage the water situation to ensure its sustainability. Karnataka state is pioneer in establishment of rural water supply system and has made varied techno-managerial efforts to provide potable water to all habitations. State is capacitating the community to own and manage water supply systems to ensure the sustainability in service level, financial viability and to meet the demand of community in future. This study is an effort to articulate comprehensive approach to draw drinking water supply for future and to over come the quality and quantity linked problems. The study is taken up for Bidar district of Karnataka state covering all enroot cluster of villages, which has quality and quantity linked problems in ground water. The model scheme covers 14 villages of Bidar taluk based on the perennial source from Manjira river( tributary of major river Krishna) has been designed, which covers a population of 16739(year 2001) and 24,104 in the year 2021. The water supply system is implemented by involving the community at all stages (planning & implementation).Where community has contributed 10 % of the total implementation cost. Water supply systems are functional and running by consultants (only for first three months), who carried out implementation of the work as per agreement. The entire scheme will be transferred to Community, where community has to do the operation & maintenance. The full length paper reflects the status of World Bank assisted community based rural water supply JalNirmal scheme.
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