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Water Resources, Present Scarcity and Future Prospects: Challenges in Terms of Nothing Rest for Management towards Sustainable Development

Author(s): Micro watershed approach of a lesser Himalayan Catchment of Western Ramganga (Almora) Uttarakhand, India
Congress: 2008

Keyword(s): Himalayan Watershed, Human Interference, Landscape Transformation, Water Scarcity, Sustainable Management.
AbstractAbstract Key Issues Water management in the central Himalayan watershed is confronted by too-much and too-little water syndrome. This study analyses the process of human induced landscape transformation and the resultant consequences in terms of water shortage in a lesser Himalayan micro watershed (106.35 km2) of western Ramganga river. The area has a population of 18118 spread over in 64 villages. Total number of households in the watershed is 3855. The over exploitation of natural resources and inadequate recharge of the springs has created shortage of water almost in all villages. The streams (Dhara), springs (Sort) and cover-percolated tanks (Naula) are the main sources of water for drinking, and other domestic as well as forming purposes. All of these sources are dependent on the factor of recharge through percolation and ground water level, and surface run off. Diminishing availability is observed at many water sources in the watershed area and they are dried up. Discharge from dhara and naula decrease significantly. Tap water supplies are erratic and insufficient. Research Implications/Limitations The study showed that the paucity of water for all purposes is the biggest handicap for the development of this watershed. As far as drinking water is concerned, most villages seem to have at least the minimal water connections. Research Methodology The study covers the developmental aspects related to water resources in the region based on various tools and techniques such as Survey of India topographical sheet, visual interpretation and digital enhancement of satellite images. The methodology involved in-collecting information from the villages is based on the Participatory Rural Appraisal approach upon interacting with the villagers individually at the household level. Objective/Significance/Purpose The purpose of the study is to examine the local need by identifying the water resource in reference with the geographical and geological structure of the area and socio-cultural background. And accordingly, to give suggestions and find out ways for the optimum longtime utilization of the water resources and to generate information and related details of the area at various levels for the inhabitants and for area development planning and government and non-government organizations for the proper solution of the identified problems; so that the management of the natural geographical environment may be possible in reference with the longtime benefit. Result/ Outcome The future of any environment is depends on the way we use them now.
2011 IWRA - International Water Resources Association - - Admin