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Government Intervention On Water Of Food Production In Facing Climate: Supply-demand Of Chilli Leads To Rocketing The Inflation Rate

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Sri Rachmad (Tj. Priok, Indonesia)


Keyword(s): Sub-theme 7: Global challenges for water governance,
AbstractAbstract This study aims to identify, observe and explain the causes-effects including the factors that influence the rocketing price of red chilli or pepper when one kg chilli price almost similar to the price of one gram gold price. Its research was started from observing the constraint of producing process and consumers behaviour as well as its distribution mechanism in Tuban regency. Next, confirm to the relevant parties in the supply-demand production-consumption of chilli cultivation, as well as linking to decision-makers in local and national government as decision makers related to policy intervention on production and distribution policies of chilli in Tuban and surrounding areas in East Java province.

The research findings focused on terms of level of production, consumption and inflation impact of the price of pepper against the socioeconomic stability of Tuban District,among others: The chilli price increased bombastically was not due to high production costs, but rather was dominated by the imbalanced of supply-demand factors. The decline in production rate due to the farming failure which is started from seeding, lack of farming capital and ongoing production process. That is difficult because of those failure are also caused by the many organic pest on the trigger of climate anomalies, such as the rainy season and certain irregular of water provision, flooding in a long time and running out of capital business because of repeated seeding failures. Failure of the production process is also strongly influenced by the level of farmers' knowledge in the handling of 'new pests and fungal disease' arising from climate change. In addition, the impact of the price of pepper dropped dramatically or frequently experience a loss in the period previous year's harvest trigger 'lethargy growers' to planting chilli.

Moreover the Government intervention at local and national level on the stage of water irrigation management system and supporting to the availability of water in certain condition, during crop production agricultural process, been found in small percentage. The damage of water irrigation infrastructure has given impact really bad to the reducing crop yields. Mainly the water availability in Indonesia is overwhelming, however the worst management system and lack of support from all stakeholders have ruined the agricultural food production process. Thus the bottom up planning development should be in high consideration in the agricultural planning in order to meet the matching of what farmers want and need would be in line with planning and policy made by the policy and decision makers.

Farmers have been very urgent and important given its socialization, education and extension farm management process by using the technology of farming that is appropriate, more effective and efficient relating to preparedness and mitigation of climate change in the production process that can occur at any time. Particularly in the application of technology that already knowledgeable chilli farming 'system of production processes using mulch', 'how to eradicate the virus/pest plant and seeds' selection' due to climate change and fluctuated water availability, such as knowledge of the use of pesticide for pepper plants' disease (colloquial called pathek) known only to the exemplary farmers only, while ordinary farmers do not know and the resulting failure of crop production. Furthermore, there is expected improvement priorities and development facilities and production processes, such as the provision of 'well pump fields' for areas that do not have irrigation system and rivers by local/ central governments to cooperate with stakeholders. Special incentive is required for chilli and certain superior products farmers and growers. Strategies policies are in place for each area characteristic in order to keep passions being farmers, so that farmers remain profitable and are proud to be a farmer. This is to maintain stability and food sovereignty of local, regional, national as well as the Indonesian people in general. So that the socio-economic conditions of stability can be maintained.

The distribution can be developed from the research results, the findings of the value of a very small margin trend in the field of various types of trading and distribution chains. Implicitly, this could indicate a "real increase of the contribution margin trades occurred on chilli production from the district / other provinces, who have to pay a high cost for transportation". It is recommended, when reviewing the distribution mechanism of trade in a district or sub-district, the distributor should be traced also actors in the higher level areas. This is to gain a more accurate and detailed account of the rise in inter-group trade margin distribution chains. Whereas, the distributors of this service, meet the needs and cover inter-district trade areas up to the provincial level.

The Indonesia experience of the applied technology on food production specifically on agriculture which has strong correlation to the water system management and treatment in Indonesia can be sources of knowledge for other countries in vice versa by participating in this international workshop. The best strategies on the adaptation and mitigation of climate change effect on land and water management in terms of crop food production in order to yield a high production rate and best quality of agriculture product. Next the food security will be achieved in at least for each country.

The replicability of the procedures or practices described in this proposed paper can be an exchange knowledge to overcome the effect of climate change in to best practice on the water treatment and management during the whole crop processing, maximizing land function for food production and implementing simple agriculture technology which is suitable with knowledge and culture of farmers.

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