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Sectorial Water Allocation: Principles, Applications And Case Of Turkey

Congress: 2015
Author(s): NURAY AYTEN, EMRE ALP, CUMALI KINACI
Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs1, Middle East Tech. University2

Keyword(s): Sub-theme 9: Water allocation among competing uses and users,
AbstractThis study considers sectorial water allocation practices in different countries and Turkey with the problems and suggested solutions. Nowadays as a result of growing demand for natural resources to access sufficient quantity and quality of water and efficient use of resources are becoming important. The main objective of water management is to protect the quality and the quantity of the water resources at the basin level for the benefit of society and ecosystem without disturbing the integrity of the ecosystem. Sectorial water allocation requires decision-making process in which all stakeholders are considered. In addition, decisions on allocation of water resources should meet the sectorial needs by considering the ecological flow. The two major concepts determining the approach in countries on water allocation are sustainability and intergenerational equity. In this direction, a process that includes development of legal capacity, policies and practices has been experienced. In many countries, sectoral water use are recorded by permits and licenses system. In addition, for the effective use of water the financial structure is supported by reflecting all costs to the user. Water use for the useful public purpose is a priority, if necessary, water use permits are canceled. Sectorial water allocation is a vital issue in Turkey scale, as well. Presence of water in Turkey shows major changes in local and temporal scales. Rainfall that falls to basins during the year varies according to the geographic and climatic characteristics (250 mm-2500 mm). This variability when taken together with other factors (population growth, industrialization, urbanization, agricultural activities, such as climate change and variability) are likely to be experiencing difficulties in sharing water. The largest share of the water consumption belongs to the agricultural sector. Traditional methods are common in agricultural irrigation and infrastructure systems and applications of unsuitable cropping pattern leads to losses. In Turkey, comprehensive legal framework is lacking and this leads to lack of administrative coordination, institutional confusion and inadequate policies. Management structure is multi-headed because this structure has been created in the past by different circumstances and needs. authorization and responsibilities are dispersed among many institutions and coordinated management is difficult. For example, authority on the use of groundwater permit belongs to the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works that is an institution under the Ministry of Forestry in Turkey. However, the interaction of groundwater and surface water cannot be taken into account and groundwater withdrawn has been exceeded renewable capacity. On the other hand, authority on the quality of water belongs to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization that is another institution authorized and responsible for the quality of water in Turkey but critical relationship between quality and quantity of water resources are not established. Lack of reliable data for scientific analysis, in terms of technical monitoring and recording system are other important problems. In this context with the impact of problems which become noticeable integrated management of water resources and the planned use is an issue which is currently taking shape. However, in the process of socio-economic development studies to achieve good ecological status in all environmental media (water bodies) have accelerated. Current efforts to develop legislation that will contribute to integrated management of water resources at the basin level and corporate restructuring steps is promising. Sectorial water allocation studies within the scope of planning initiatives are among the main topics to be discussed. 1. Environment Agency, 2007. Alternative Ways to Allocate Water, Book. 2. Schofield N., Alana Burt N., Connell D., 2003. Environmental Water Allocation: Principles, Policies and Practices Land and Water Australia. 3.Speed R., Yuanyuan L., Quesne T.L., Pegram G., Zhiwei Z., 2013. Basin Water Allocation Planning Principles, Procedures and Approaches for Basin Allocation Planning Asian Development Bank, GIWP, UNESCO, and WWF-UK. 4. BM, 2000. Principles and Practices of Water Allocation Among Water-use Sector Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Water Resource Series No:80, United Nations New York.
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