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Functionality And Sustainability Of The Community Managed Drinking Water Schemes (case Of Mid And Far-western Region, Nepal, South Asia)

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Indra Badu (Dhangadhi, Nepal), Indra Badu
RVWRMP II, Dhangadhi, Nepal1

Keyword(s): Sub-theme 10: Management of water resources,
Abstract Sustainable drinking water facility in rural areas is challenging because difficult to establish institutional arrangements to ensure the facilities are functional and managed in an equitable and sustainable way by the water user committees, WUCs/ users. Sustainability of the community infrastructures is still issued in rural Nepal due to lack of proper management and capacity to the WUCs/users. However, operation and maintenance management is the sole responsibility of the communities/users. Likewise, Nepal has adopted a community-based approach to meet the challenges. In additions, community based water and sanitation committees are in charge of managing drinking water facilities at the community level. This paper is based on the analysis of 496 community managed drinking water and sanitation schemes supported by Rural Village Water Resource Management Project in Nepal (2006- 2014). Observed results are, 91.5% fully functional, 8.3% partially functional and 0.2% schemes are closed due to natural disasters and social conflicts. The observation indicates the capacities of the users, active local level institutions and a user's participation in planning and management are the key of the proper functionality of the water schemes. Capacity building of the users, users' committees (UCs), village level institutions, working groups and government line agencies is major interventions in the post construction phase. Functional WUCs are the major actors to manage the schemes with the institutional support mechanism. Project Document, RVWRMP, 2010-2015 Annual Reports, RVWRMP, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 District level review and planning workshop with Water Users Association reports, RVWRMP-2012 Scheme level monitoring reports, RVWRMP-2012 An indicator based data on the sustainability status from all completed schemes, RVWRMP- July 2013 Post construction Guideline, RVWRMP, 2012 Program Implementation guideline, step by step manuals, RVWRMP, 2012 Individual field visit reports – Indra Raj Badu - 2011-2014 Scheme wise operation and maintenance status survey report, RVWRMP- 2014
2011 IWRA - International Water Resources Association - - Admin