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Assessing The Impact Of Public-private Partnership On Sustainability Of Water Sanitation And Hygiene Development In Lahore Pakistan

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Muhammad Wasif Babar (Faisalabad, Pakistan), Malik Nazir Ahmad Wattoo
Anjuman Samaji Bahbood (ASB)1

Keyword(s): Sub-theme 10: Management of water resources,
AbstractManagement of Water Resources: Public and Private Sector Involvement In the Water Sector: Successes, Failures And Constraints
Key Words: Public Private Partnership; Water Risk Management; Community Ownership; Project Sustainability; WASCO

Abstract: Drinking water and sanitation schemes mostly developed without the consult and engagement of local community and in the result a large number of them failed (Ali, 2006) to run successfully. The people of Badar Colony Union Council 60 belong to very poor socio-economic status and there was very worst condition of drinking water (Ahmad, 2012) and sanitation facilities in the local area. Due the worst condition of sanitation/ waste water, solid waste management it was a sever thread to pollution, contamination (PCO, 2014) of both ground water & surface water resources in the area. Lack of education, unemployment, political instability, war & terror, institutional incapacity, financial & technological (PHED, 2011) constraints were very hindrance factors and cause of failure to achieve safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygienic facilities in the poor slum communities of Lahore Pakistan.

An integrated drinking water and sanitation program was developed in this area on Public-Private Partnership philosophy as a bottom --up developmental (Rahman, 1996) approach. This study was carried out in July 2014 to identify the WASH activities and operations in the study area, examine the process of public partnership in the project development and analyze the impact of public-private partnership on (GoP, 2014) community ownership and project sustainability.

There were total 6 hamlets under the jurisdiction area of project which taken as a universe of this study and three hamlets were selected as a targeted population. Structured interview schedule, focus group discussion and personal observation (Dellas, 2011) techniques were used to collect data. Total 300 households were selected as a representative sample size and 100 households were interviewed using probability random sampling technique from each hamlet with 50% sample was male and female. Total 90 Focus group discussion sessions carried out in which 30 in each hamlet with 50% women sessions & participants. Personal observation (Cisneros, 2011) was carried out throughout the field visits and all the information kept into recorded.

Safe Drinking water and adequate centralized sanitation service and hygiene education services were provided in the community. These services developed on component sharing model in which project was divided into two component named External and Internal Component. External Component was developed and funded by Govt of Punjab while Internal Component was developed by community (Baguma et all, 2013) on self-Help bases. Community was fully involved and engaged in all the phases of project development which played vital role in community ownership of the project. A local community based Water and Sanitation Organization (WASCO) was established by local community and the entire infrastructure was handed over to WASCO after developing. Now WASCO was running this project successfully. Almost the entire community was paying monthly water supply and sanitation bill regularly and reported to consider this project as their own property which (Azizullah et all, 2011) ensures the community ownership and project sustainability. It indicated that Public private partnership is a sign of success and sustainability for the sustainable development (Asaolu & Ofoezie, 2003) of Water sector. Data also demonstrated that by involving the local communities in water sector played flexible & efficient role in the elimination of constraints and sign of failures which always remain in the way of Water sector development & management.

This project played important role in influencing the public policy (Arabinda, 2011) and governmental agencies and compel the Parliamentarian to develop the Public oriented development policies. In a result Pakistan public private partnership policy 2010 and Punjab Public Private partnership Act 2014 established that's a landmark of this public private (Apul &Anand, 2014) based sustainable project. Government of the Punjab had influenced by this unique sustainable WASH policy and had established endowment fund and Punjab Saff Pani Company for provision of WASH services and effectively managing & minimizing the sever (Altaf, 1994) thread to natural water sources.

This study suggested that local (Ali, 2006) communities should be engaged in all the phases of WASH project. All the policies and principals must be refined and reestablished with paradigm shifting of public-private partnership and philosophy of division of responsibilities which called Component sharing model.
It is also suggested that these policies should be again analyzed and upgraded and then implemented in all the provinces of Pakistan for ensuring the equal access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation. Reference:
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3. Ahmed, S. A. & Ali, S. M. (2006). People as partners: Facilitating people's participation in public–private partnerships for solid waste management. Habitat International. Volume,(4). Pages, 781-796.
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14. PCO. (2014). Population census of Pakistan: Latest edition. Pages, 02-03.
15. PHED. (2011). Sanitation coverage and analysis: updated report, Govt of Punjab. Pages, 4-9.

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