(A Case Study of Indus Basin River Ravi as Water for Sustainability: Harmonizing Human & Nature)
Theme: Valuing Water: Monetary and Non-Monetary Dimensions
Key Word: Innovative income source; socioeconomic status; poverty reduction; nutrition & nutrients; sustainable Ecosystem supportive; Well-being
Pakistan is developing nation with population of almost 186.355597 Million in which 34.7% live in urban and 65.3% live in rural areas (PCO, 2014) while population is growing with the rate of 2.1 annually (Brooker et al., 2004). It is facing very critical issue about food insecurity & unemployment while about 33.1% of total number of child takes birth underweight (UNICEF/WHO, 2012). Poverty reduction is a primary goal Pakistani policy (Parker et al., 2008).
This study was conducted in August 2014 in the poor hamlets of indigenous people colonized on the bank of River Ravi (Indus Basin) area which come under the jurisdiction of Town Municipal Administration (TMA) Tandlianwala of District Faisalabad where a large number of Indigenous communities were engaged in the fishing/fisheries which is most vital and sustainable source of income for poor. This study was carried out to examine the role of inland fishing practices and behaviour in provision of self-employment, increasing livelihood of indigenous communities and poverty reduction with an innovative way. 5 hamlets were selected as a targeted population and 250 cabins were selected as a representative sample. Structured interview schedule, Focus Group Discussion (FDGs) and personal observation were use as a data collection tolls. 50 huts were selected from each hamlet for structured interview using simple random sampling technique while 20 Focus Group Discussion sessions conducted in each hamlet and personal observation carried out throughout the field research period.
Result indicated & determined that inland fisheries practices had a much contribution & valuation in provision of fundamental nutrients, balancing the nutrition pattern to aboriginal communities. It is significantly played very active role in the provision & self-employing the socially deprived people for increasing their livelihoods, rider the leisure, socially, psychologically high esteemed and better use of their daily life time. Majority of population demonstrated that fishing from the local river & lakes increased their socioeconomic status & well-being and prevent them from curse of begging that is not approved by the fundamental values associated with their religion, culture, traditions and country regulations. A large number of respondents accredited that inland fisheries approaches provide material & non-material benefits including their importance to human health, provision of nutrition, personal well-being, and societal prosperity.
It is concluded that the natural water bodies are playing efficient role in provision of availability of improved estimates of the economic and social worth of inland fisheries practices that played a friendly role to promote personal well-being, communal affluence and ultimately contribution in GDP of Pakistan and Economic Stability. It is also playing very friendly role in the sustaining marine life, efficient utilization of water bodies for ecological and economically stability with ultimately bringing the social prosperity and well-being of indigenous communities settled on the bank of River Ravi (Indus Basin) in Faisalabad Pakistan.
It is suggested that all the available surface water reservoir/basin should be protected from the all kind of contamination and make them available for Inland Fisheries practices/ trade. By this active fishing trade as virtual water trade should be promoted and indigenous people should also be provided with training about Fishing, developing inland fish forms around the bank of water source and trade & business so that ecosystem could be sustained and poverty could also be reduced at optimum level. Inland fisheries should be promoted with aquaculture & perma-culture structures so that risk to ecological structure from water, waste water could be minimized at optimum level and a sustainable Ecosystem should be promoted around the world. This sustainable & efficient natural water body utilization stuff should be promoted in the other developing nations of the world for promoting life prosperity and economic growth as a whole.
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