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Spatial Distribution Mapping And Assessment Of Suitability Of Groundwater Quality For Drinking Purpose In Hisar District India

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Bhagwan Chaudhary (Kurukshetra, India)


Keyword(s): Sub-theme 10: Management of water resources,
AbstractGroundwater is a critical resource globally. The stage of ground water development for India as a whole is 58%. The status of ground water development is comparatively high in Haryana where the Stage of Ground Water Development is more than 100%, which implies the average annual ground water consumption is more than average annual ground water recharge. The Hisar district, the area under study, is a part of the Indo-Gangetic alluvial plain. It is situated between 28053'45" to 29049'15" N latitudes and 75013'15" to 76018'15" E longitudes. It occupies an area of 3788 sq km. The area is nearly level, with imperceptible slopes, except for the regions in and around the sand dunes. The general gradient of the terrain is from north --east to south-west and then west. Hisar district comprises of three major physiographic units i.e. Aeolian plain, Older alluvial plain and Chautang flood plain. The various sub-units occurring in the district are sand dune, plain, old channel and basin. The western and south western parts are affected by Aeolian activity, comprising of sand dunes, sandy plains and interdunal areas. In present study, an attempt has been made to understand the spatial distribution pattern of suitability of groundwater quality for domestic use in Hisar district of Haryana state, India by using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques. Groundwater quality data of year 2008 of Hisar district (Haryana) was analyzed for drinking purpose. Groundwater samples from 87 borehole locations were used for analysis of different water quality parameters (pH, EC, TDS, RSC, and SAR) and compared with various national and international standards to determine the suitability of water for drinking purpose. Spatial distribution maps of hydrogen ion concentration (pH), total dissolved solids (TDS), electric conductivity (EC), sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and residual sodium carbonate (RSC) were prepared in GIS environment. All spatial distribution map of different water quality are prepared on the basis of WHO & BIS standards. The maps depicts a very grim picture and shows only 4.45 Sq km area of Hisar District can be used for drinking purpose. The related aspects of various stages of development, risks involved and alternate methods have also been suggested in the present paper. 1. BIS (1998) Characteristics for Drinking Water, IS, 10500, New Delhi. 2. Chaudhary BS, Kumar M, Roy AK, Ruhal DS (1996) Applications of RS and GIS in groundwater investigations in Sohna block, Gurgaon district, Haryana, India. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 31, B-6, Vienna, Austria. pp 18–23. 3. Dimitris Alexakis. Assessment of water quality in the Messolonghi–Etoliko and Neochorio region (West Greece) using hydro chemical and statistical analysis methods. Environ Monit Assess (2011) 182:397–413. 4. Goyal SK, Sethi GK, Chaudhary BS (2006) Integrated groundwater studies in Kaithal district of Haryana, using remote sensing and GIS. Proceedings of National Conference on Environmental Conservation. Sept 1–3, Pilani, India, pp 745-751. 5. Gulshan K. Sethi, Bhagwan S. Chaudhary, Sanjay K. Goyal & Praveen K. Thakur, 2012. Suitability Analysis of Groundwater Quality for Domestic and Irrigation Usage in Yamuna Nagar District, India: A GIS Approach, J Indian Soc Remote Sens 40(1):155 – 165, DOI 10.1007/s12524-011-0116-0. 6. Imtiyaz, M. & Rao, D.J.M., 2008. Influence of overexploitation on groundwater ecosystem in hard rock terrain, Proceedings of International Groundwater Conference, March 19-22, Jaipur, India. 88 7. M. Suresh, B. Gurugnanam, S. Vasudevan, K. Dharanirajan and N. Jawahar Raj, 2010. Drinking and Irrigational Feasibility of Groundwater, GIS Spatial Mapping in Upper Thirumanimuthar Sub-basin, Cauvery River, Tamil Nadu, Journal Geological Society Of India, Vol.75, pp.518-526.
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