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Desalination Integration With Renewable Energy For Climate Change Abatement In Mena Region

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Eman Salama (El Kanater, Egypt)


Keyword(s): Sub-theme 13: Non-conventional sources of water,
Abstract

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is considered the most water-scarce region in the world. Renewable energy has tremendous potential to provide energy security and reduce green houses gases emissions in MENA. Renewable energies for use in desalination processes include wind, solar thermal, photovoltaic and geothermal. The objective of this research is to review and select the best choice of desalination technology combination with renewable solar energy in MENA region, among different alternatives systems using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The alternative systems are Solar still, Solar Humidification (Solar--MHE), Concentrating Solar Plant -- Multi Effect Desalination (CSP-MED), Photovoltaic Reverse Osmosis (PV-RO) and Photovoltaic Electodyalsis Reverse (PV- EDR). 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