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Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Between Policy And Technical Basis?

Congress: 2015
Author(s): Mostafa Senosy (Cairo, Egypt), Aref Gharib
Nile water Sector MWRI, Egypt1

Keyword(s): Sub-theme 6: Links with the energy, food and environmental sectors,
AbstractEthiopia has decided to implement the 6,000 MW Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project located on the Blue Nile, 15 km from the Sudanese border. The GERDP has a total storage of 74 BCM thus performing as a multiannual regulating reservoir. The same site was proposed by the Nile Basin Initiative, through Eastern Nile Projects, to construct a dam named "Border dam", which has a 1,200 MW power plant, and 14.5 BCM. The main objective of the present research is to assess impacts of the different dam alternatives on downstream considering the first impounding and operation cases. It also attempt to identify the optimum dam height that minimize the anticipated impacts. Nile-DST model, which developed by Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, will be used to assess the different cases of the Dam alternatives. Different dam's height and other development projects will be considered to test the whole spectrum of impacts. Key words: Renaissance Dam, Border Dam, Blue Nile, discharge, levels, Khartoum, hydropower, scenarios, impacts, downstream impacts. FAO. (2007, 2007). FAO. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/nr/water/faonile/products/Docs/Poster_Maps/BASINANDSUBBASIN.pdf Georgakakos, A. P., & Yao, H. (2013). Assessment of the Impact of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on Egypt. Cairo: WREM International Inc. Georgakakos, A. P., & Yao, H. (2013). GERD-HAD SIM Manual. WREM INTERNATIONAL INC. Georgia Water Research Institute. (2007). Nile Decision Support Tool. Atlanta: FAO. Ahmed, A. (2006). Multipurpose Develoment of the Eastern Nile. One system Inventory, ENTRO Report, Sudan. Allam, M. N., & Allam, G. I. (2007). Water Resources In Egypt: Future Challeges and Opportunities. Internatonal Water Resources Assocation. Awulachew, S., McCartney, M., & Tammo, S. (2009). Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands and its impact on the downstream dependent on the Blue Nile. International Water Management Institute (IWMI) ,Cornell University. Shahin, M. (1985). Hydrology of the Nile Basin. Amesterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier Science. Sief El-Din, L. U. (2013). Impacts of proposed water projects in Ethiopia and Sudan on Egypt. Cairo. Gharib, A. (2011). Impacts of Anticipated Development in the Eastern Nile Plateau on the Water Resources of Egypt. Cairo: Department of Irrigation and Hydraulics, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University.
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