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Role of Local Authorities and Civil Societies in Water and Environmental Services Management

Author(s): Ecological Sanitation for Waste and wastewater management
Congress: 2008
Author(s): (1)Dr.Lalit P.Chaudhari, (2)Dr.N.K.Gupta, (3)Dr.A.G.Bhole, (4) Dr.A.S.Yewale, (5)Dr.R.C.Bhattachejee
(1)ISDR,India (2)NIT, Kurukshetra,India (3)ISDR,India (4)ISDR,India (5)NIT, Kurukshetra,India

Keyword(s): Role of civil societies,Ecological sanitation, Wastewater management, Environmental management,Water polution
AbstractThe Maharashtra state in India has 325 Towns and 33 cities. There are 232 municipal councils including A ,B, and C class , and 12 municipal corporations .These local authorities are looking after the civic administration at town or city level .These towns are now facing the acute water and wastewater management problem causing the environmental pollution. The combined effect of this environmental pollution is responsible for degradation in the soil , water and air quality , which ultimately affect the civic health in these areas. The farmers from the periurban areas are bringing their agricultural products including vegetables in the city market. This creates large amount of the solid waste from vegetables as well as animal excreta especially organic waste, which contain more percentage of moisture content. The problems of waste water and solid waste disposal are increasing alongwith the increased population resulting ground and surface water polution. The Government provided the economic incentives for farmers to reduce the organic waste.However the economic instruments for reduction of solid waste can not be successfully implemented with out pre-existing appropriate standards and effective monitoring and enforcement capacities. Although economic incentives have been viewed as alternative to the traditional approach, they can not be considered as short cuts to the organic solid waste management and wastewater management such as composting , vermin-composting . The source reduction, source separation and producer responsibility- these three factors are critical in developing and designing ecological sanitation model for economic and optimum waste management model using composting system in towns of the Maharashtra . The municipal councils and local authorities are spending large amount of their budget on waste management system, which is major constraint in expanding other civic services to citizens. This paper will deals with present scenario in sustainability of ecological sanitation using composting and vermin-composting of the organic waste and wastewater such as night soil, animal excreta ,drainage etc. and its application in agriculture and forestry; past efforts to ensure the economic development of compost process from agriculture waste, kitchen waste, market waste and organic waste . It also discusses history of some of recent successful examples in regards to public - private and peoples partnership in water and wastewater infrastructure provision for ecological sanitation and biotreatment and marketing for the same. The paper emphasizes the role of civil societies and local authorities for extensive capacity building for ecological sanitation using compost process and its application for sustainability at local level for economic use of organic waste , wastewater etc . to prevent the water polution in towns and cities.
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